Are you itching to put your brush in the paint and get started? We totally understand that. Follow these steps and paint your wall or ceiling in the color of your dreams. A good preparation of the substrate and the environment, a well-considered choice of your material and an efficient approach during the painting itself, ensure a beautiful and sustainable end result.
Step 1 - Clean and Degrease Before you start painting, make sure that the walls and ceiling are completely clean. If you don't do this, there is a chance that the paint will not adhere well, will peel off quickly or show stains. Each surface requires a specific cleaning:
● New plaster and drywall: remove the dust with a soft brush and a damp cloth.
● Brick walls, cementation or concrete: remove any efflorescence or powder with a stiff brush and dust off.
● Old porous paint layers: remove dust with a soft brush.
● Heavily soiled walls: clean with a good degreaser or ammonia water (one part ammonia to nine parts water) and then allow to dry thoroughly.
Tip! This is how you check whether old paint is porous or not: rub the paint with a wet cloth. If the paint absorbs the moisture and turns dark, it is porous.
Step 2 - Repair, Level and Mask For a perfect result, it is necessary that you always start from a dry, even and solid surface where all errors and defects have been addressed first. Allow cleaned walls or new plaster to dry out completely or tackle structural moisture problems thoroughly first.
In principle, sanding is not necessary. For newly plastered or already painted walls, light de-graining with a wide putty knife is sufficient to remove small irregularities. Sanding is necessary for filled holes and cracks, repaired parts, wooden ceilings or walls, old glossy paint layers. Fill holes, tears and larger cracks with a modified filler.
Allow enough time to properly tape and cover anything you are not going to paint . There are different types of tape on the market that are adapted to each specific masking job. For covering large surfaces (furniture, a door) you can use sturdy cover foil.
Tip! Is there a layer of powder on your hand when you rub the wall? Then he is powdered. Use a fixative first to ensure the paint adheres properly.
Step 3 - Prepare Paint and Tools Make sure you have all the materials you need to hand. And don't forget to protect yourself too! Wear gloves when you have to work with chemical products and think of a good dust mask when you sand.
Before opening a jar, wipe dust and dirt off the lid to prevent it from falling into the paint.
Always stir the paint thoroughly for a homogeneous color. Do this with a stirring stick or use a special attachment on your drill.
Unless otherwise stated on the pot, it is not necessary to thin the paint. Diluted paint has less coverage and is therefore less durable. Often a third layer will be needed for a nice end result.
Tip! New brush? Run it over a piece of sandpaper a few times and roll it between your hands to remove any loose hairs. New roller? First wet it well and roll it over a piece of cardboard a few times.
Step 4 - Apply Primer In many cases it is necessary to apply a primer first . This is a primer that ensures an even and durable end result. The actual paint layers will adhere better, any absorption of the substrate is removed, dirt (e.g. nicotine stains) can no longer penetrate to the final layer and the paint consumption is lower. There are different types of primers and it is important to choose the right primer for the specific surface you want to paint.
Tip! If the surface has already been painted and the paint is still in good condition, you can
skip this step.
Step 5 - Apply Wall or Ceiling Paint If you are going to paint both the ceiling and the walls, always start with the ceiling. Finish this all off (base coat and finish coats) and then continue with the walls. If you also plan to paint windows and doors, put this at the top of your list. Do the floor last.
Painting ceiling:• First paint the corners and edges with the brush.
• Dip the roller in the paint and roll over the grid a few times to distribute the paint evenly.
• Start at the window and work along the length of the ceiling. Work in areas of +/- 1m2, which you allow to overlap approximately one roll width. Paint a few horizontal strips of paint in alternating directions (left, right) on the ceiling.
• Immediately distribute the paint by rolling vertically.
• Finish with horizontal rolls towards the window.
• Repeat steps 2 through 5 until you have painted a whole strip across the width of the ceiling, then start on the next strip.
Wall painting:• First paint the corners, the edges with the brush.
• Dip the roller in the paint and roll over the grid a few times to distribute the paint evenly. Do not be too frugal with paint, but also make sure that the paint does not drip off the roller.
• Work in areas of +/- 1m2. First put some vertical stripes on the wall.
• Then go over it horizontally to distribute the paint evenly over the surface.
• Finally, finish in the vertical direction again.
• Repeat steps 2 to 5, overlapping a little bit with the previous plane.
Tip! Always apply two top coats. Let the paint dry long enough (check the package for the correct drying time) before painting the second coat. For an even and streak-free result, it is best to always work in the same way when applying the base and top coats.
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Pause your painting● Try to put each layer on it at once. If you have to interrupt the work, then finish the surface you are working on and end in a corner. This way the new start will be the least noticeable.
● There is no need to clean the tool between two coats. Scrape off most of the paint and put the roller and brush in a plastic bag that you tie tightly.
Don't forget before you paint inside● Maintain a temperature between 10 and 20°C. If it is warmer, the paint will dry too quickly, at colder temperatures the paint will dry too slowly or not at all. So turn the heating on or off if possible - or wait for better times.
● Provide good humidity. Is the air too dry? Put bowls of water in the room. Too much moisture in the air? Turn on the heating.
● Do not ventilate while painting to avoid drafts, but do open the windows after the painting job. This will allow the paint to dry faster. Do not do this when the weather is humid outside.
● Vacuum the floor before the final coat and postpone other works in the house that can cause dust until after your painting job.
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